Gynecologists are doctors who specialized in female reproductive health, specifically, the diagnosis, treatment and care of women’s reproductive health. This includes the breasts, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. Gynecologists provide reproductive and health services including pelvic exams, pap smears, cancer screenings (such as breast or ovarian cancer) and other tests for infections. Some gynecologists are also Obstetricians and can give care during pregnancy and birth. If a gynecologist is also an expert in obstetrics, they are known as an OB-GYN.
It is recommended that females begin seeing a gynecologist between the age of 13 and 15, and continue her visits throughout adulthood.
A woman should see her gynecologist for any of the following:
- A routine gynecology exam. A woman should have a pelvic exam and a regular check up with her gynecologist once a year.
- Concerns about period, fertility, family planning, or becoming pregnant.
- Pain in the pelvic region.
- Menstrual issues. If a woman is experiencing an irregular, heavy, or painful menstrual cycle, she should contact her gynecologist.
- Checking for a sexually transmitted disease.
While some women’s health issues do provide signs and symptoms, some can develop without warning. Regular visits to a gynecologist ensures that any health problem will be detected, diagnosed, and treated.